Sudan Sustainable Natural Resources Management project is one of the Great Green Wall initiative (GGWI) project’s and the idea of it came from the former President of Nigeria Obasanjo at the Summit of the Sahel and Sahara in 2005 in the capital of Burkina Faso – Ouagadougou. The initiative was approved as a priority, and the African Union approved it as a strategy in the capital of Guinea Bissau – Malabo in 2007 to stop desertification. Sudan has signed the Great Green Wall Initiative in June 2010 by the Sudanese ambassador in Chad.
The length of the Great Green Wall is 7620 kilometers with 15 kilometers width extending from Dakar in west Africa to Djibouti in east Africa. In addition to Sudan, it includes 11 other countries which are Burkina Faso, Chad, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Ghana, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Togo.
Phase one was launched on the thirteenth of August, 2014, which included three states: Gaziera, Kassala, and White Nile. And phase two was launched in 2018 to include River Nile, Northern State, and North Kordofan state.
The Project Development Objective (PDO) is to increase the adoption of sustainable land and water management practices in targeted landscapes, The project aims to achieve this objective through the adoption of improved soil and water management practices; forested ecosystem rehabilitation and rangeland management; creation of sustainable alternative livelihood activities related to natural resource management; and strengthened capacity to implement SLWM and biodiversity conservation through implementing three components which are Institutional and policy framework; Community-based sustainable management of rangelands and forests and biodiversity; and Project management, monitoring and evaluation.Community is a key element in the implementation mechanism with the consideration of gender. The beneficiaries of the project is 85000 in phase one are 50,000 individuals representing about 7,000 families and the percentages of women’s participation is expected to reach 35% and in Phase two 35000 and also women’s participation is expected to reach 35%, The project has three main national partners that implements its activities which are the Forest National Corporation, the Administration of Pasture and Forage, and the General Administration of Wildlife Conservation.
- Institutional and policy framework.
- Community based sustainable management of rangelands, forests and biodiversity.
- Project Management, monitoring and evaluation.
- Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources. Forest National Corporation
- Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities.
- Ministry of Interior Affair- Wildlife Conservation General Department (WCGA)
- Ministry of Animal Resources- General Department of Range and Pasture
- Ministry of Finance.